SLASPA Supports Breast Cancer Awareness Month

As we continue to bring awareness on this very severe disease, in this issue the types of cancer will be highlighted, however, our focus is on Breast Cancer.  It is hoped that the information provided would certainly help you or those within your family circle.  

 

Symptoms of Breast cancer

Breast cancer can have several symptoms, but the first noticeable symptom is usually a lump or area of thickened breast tissue.  Most breast lumps are not cancerous, but it's always best to have them checked by a doctor.  You should also see a GP if you notice any of these symptoms:

 

  • a change in the size or shape of one or both breasts
  • discharge from either of your nipples, which may be streaked with blood
  • a lump or swelling in either of your armpits
  • dimpling on the skin of your breasts
  • a rash on or around your nipple
  • a change in the appearance of your nipple, such as becoming sunken into your breast

Breast pain is not usually a symptom of breast cancer and while the exact causes of breast cancer are not fully understood, there are certain factors known to increase the risk of breast cancer. These include:

 

  • age – the risk increases as you get older
  • a family history of breast cancer
  • a previous diagnosis of breast cancer
  • a previous non-cancerous (benign) breast lump
  • being tall, overweight, or obese
  • drinking alcohol

Here is some general information on the most common cancers.

 

The major types of cancer are carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, lymphoma, and leukemia. Carcinomas -- the most commonly diagnosed cancers originate in the skin, lungs, breasts, pancreas, and other organs and glands. Lymphomas are cancers of lymphocytes. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood.   According to the American Cancer Society Facts and Figures, the following are the most common cancers:

 

  • Skin cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Kidney (renal) cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Endometrial cancer

To learn more about the various types of cancer, causes, symptoms, and treatment options, visit cancer.orgcancer.gov, and other online cancer websites.

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