Breast cancer in men is the same disease as affects women. Although most of the available information is directed at women it is generally relevant for men too, as the diagnosis, treatment and survival rates for both sexes is very similar.
All men need to know what signs of breast cancer to look for, and to report any breast changes to their GP. For most men, breast cancer doesn't come to mind when they notice a change in their breasts, which can delay diagnosis. Learn the signs of male breast cancer, so you can detect it early.
Signs and symptoms
- A lump or area of thickened tissue. This is most commonly painless and situated close to, or behind, the nipple.
- Skin changes such as puckering or dimpling, redness or ulceration, or any change in breast shape.
- Nipple changes such as a newly indrawn or distorted nipple, or itchy, scaly, or ulcerated skin on the nipple.
- Fluid discharge from the nipple. This might be clear or bloodstained.
- Unusual breast pain or tenderness.
- Painless lump in the axilla (armpit).
These symptoms may also be signs of a benign (non-cancerous) breast condition but it’s important to have any changes checked by your doctor. It's important to note that enlargement of both breasts is usually not cancer. This is usually gynaecomastia, a benign enlargement of the glandular tissue in the breasts. This is commonly due to a hormone imbalance and may be caused by weight gain, certain medications, heavy alcohol or marijuana use.